Exalpha Biologicals, Inc.

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FIX&PERM Cell Fixation and Permeabilization Kit

Flow cytometric analyses with monoclonal antibodies were so far mainly restricted to cell surface molecules. Intracellular structures such as cytoplasmic or nuclear enzymes, oncoproteins, cytokines, immunoglobulins etc. were largely excluded from such studies. Also excluded from flow cytometric studies were cytoplasmic localizations of well-established membrane molecules like CD3 and CD22, which, in their cytoplasmic form, are the most reliable lineage markers in undifferentiated leukemia. With the FIX&PERM® Kit flow cytometric analysis of intracellular antigens has become as easy as surface antigen studies. The only prerequisite is the availability of suitable antibody conjugates. Most of the available monoclonal antibody conjugates can be used with the FIX&PERM® Kit, some determinants are sensitive, however, to the fixation step involved. This and the optimal fixation time have to be tested for each reagent.

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Exalpha Biologicals, Inc.

Notum

  • Product Code: X1856P
  • Size: 100 µg
  • Availability: In Stock In Stock
  • Price (USD): $258

Cat #

X1856P		 Quantity:      

Data Sheet

Product Name

Notum

Synonyms

Pectinacetylesterase homolog, Wingful (Wf)

Host/Source

Rabbit

Isotype

IgG

Product Type

Polyclonal Antibody

Reactivity

Human, Mouse

Applications

Western Blot, Immunohistochemistry

Purification

Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation

Size

100 µg

Price (USD)

$258

Background

Genetic studies in Drosophila have revealed a novel secreted antagonist for Wingless (Wg) signaling, referred to as Notum/Wingful (Wf). Wf/Notum encodes a protein of 430 amino acid residues, which is related to plant pectin acetylesterases of the / -hydrolase superfamily. The main target of Notum action appears to be cell surface proteoglycans Dally and/or Dally-like (Dlp). Notum governs the extracellular Wg morphogen distribution via Dally and Dlp. Also, like some vertebrate Wnt antagonists, notum expression is activated by Wg signaling, revealing the existence of a feedback control mechanism in which Wg modifies its own gradient distribution. In vertebrate, proteoglycans related to Dally and Dlp likely play important roles in Wnt signaling which encodes a glypican that is required for Wnt-11 signaling. A single ortholog of Notum exists in the mouse and the human genome, implying that a similar regulatory mechanism may exist in vertebrates.

Immunogen

Recombinant full-length notum protein from mouse.

Positive Control

HepG2 cell lysate

Formulation

Provided as solution in phosphate buffered saline with 0.08% sodium azide

Customer Storage

Product should be stored at -20°C. Aliquot to avoid freeze/thaw cycles

Target Molecular Weight

48,602 Da

Product Image

Image Legend

Immunohistochemical staining of normal human cerebellum tissue using Notum antibody (Cat# X1856P) at 20 µg/ml.

Database Links:

SwissProtQ6P988Human
SwissProtQ8R116Mouse

References

1. Kozmik, Z., et al. 'Characterization of mammalian orthologues of the Drosophila osa gene: cDNA cloning, expression, chromosomal localization, and direct physical interaction with Brahma chromatin-remodeling complex.' Genomics, 2001, 73, 140-148

2. Riese, J., et al. 'LEF-1, a nuclear factor coordinating signaling inputs from wingless and decapentaplegic.' Cell, 1997, 88, 777-787

3. Giraldez, A.J., et al. 'HSPG modification by the secreted enzyme Notum shapes the Wingless morphogen gradient.' Dev. Cell, 2002, 2, 667-676