SET, Phosphatase 2A Inhibitor I2PP2ACatalog number: X2378B
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Human SET was originally identified as part of the SET-CAN fusion gene produced by a somatic translocation event in a patient with acute undifferentiated leukemia. In developing kidney, SET is highly expressed in the zone of nephron morphogenesis. SET has been shown to be a potent and specific inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A, a family of major serine/threonine phosphatases involved in regulating cell proliferation and differentiation. SET is also involved in the regulation of renal cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. SET mRNA expression is markedly reduced in cells rendered quiescent by serum starvation, contact inhibition, or differentiation. SET protein expression is also much greater in developing rat and human kidney than in fully differentiated, mature kidney. High levels of SET mRNA and SET protein expression arefound in Wilms' tumor, but not in renal cell carcinoma, adult polycystic kidney disease or in transitional cell carcinoma.
Synonyms: Template-activating factor I, TAF-I, HLA-DR-associated protein II, PHAPII, Inhibitor of granzyme A-activated DNase, IGAAD2PP2A; IGAAD; I2PP2A; PHAPII; TAF-IBETA
Product Form: Unconjugated Affinity Purified
Formulation: Provided as solution in phosphate buffered saline with 0.08% sodium azide
Concentration: See vial for concentration
For use with SET polyclonal antibodies (Cat. No. X2088P & X2332P).
Functional Analysis: Western Blotting
Positive Control: Widely expressed. Low levels in quiescent cells during serum starvation, contact inhibition or differentiation. Highly expressed in Wilms' tumor.
Product should be stored at -20°C. Aliquot to avoid freeze/thaw cycles
Product Stability: See expiration date on vial
Shipping Conditions: Ship at ambient temperature, freeze upon arrival
This product is intended FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY, and FOR TESTS IN VITRO, not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures involving humans or animals. It may contain hazardous ingredients. Please refer to the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for additional information and proper handling procedures. Dispose product remainders according to local regulations.This datasheet is as accurate as reasonably achievable, but Exalpha Biologicals accepts no liability for any inaccuracies or omissions in this information.
 von Lindern M., van Baal S., Wiegant J., Raap A., Hagemeijer A., Grosveld G.; Can, a putative oncogene associated with myeloid leukemogenesis, may be activated by fusion of its 3' half to different genes: characterization of the set gene.; Mol. Cell. Biol. 12:3346-3355(1992).  von Lindern M., van Baal S., Wiegant J., Raap A., Hagemeijer A., Grosveld G.; Can, a putative oncogene associated with myeloid leukemogenesis, may be activated by fusion of its 3' half to different genes: characterization of the set gene.; Mol. Cell. Biol. 12:3346-3355(1992).  Vaesen M., Barnikol-Watanabe S., Goetz H., Adil Awni L., Cole T., Zimmermann B., Kratzin H.D., Hilschmann N.; Purification and characterization of two putative HLA class II associated proteins: PHAPI and PHAPII.; Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 375:113-126(1994).  Nagata K., Kawase H., Handa H., Yano K., Yamasaki M., Ishimi Y., Okuda A., Kikuchi A., Matsumoto K.; Replication factor encoded by a putative oncogene, set, associated with myeloid leukemogenesis.; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:4279-4283(1995).  Li M., Makkinje A., Damuni Z.; The myeloid leukemia-associated protein SET is a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A.; J. Biol. Chem. 271:11059-11062(1996).  Tsujio I., Zaidi T., Xu J., Kotula L., Grundke-Iqbal I., Iqbal K.; Inhibitors of protein phosphatase-2A from human brain: structures, immunocytological localization and activities towards dephosphorylation of the Alzheimer type hyperphosphorylated Tau.; Submitted (JUL-2003) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.  The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).; Genome Res. 14:2121-2127(2004).  Adachi Y., Pavlaki G.N., Copeland T.D.; Identification and characterization of SET, a nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the translocation break point in acute undifferentiated leukemia.; J. Biol. Chem. 269:2258-2262(1994).  Wang L.C., Chen Y.; A relative factor in human rectum carcinoma.; Submitted (APR-2007) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.  Carlson S.G., Eng E., Kim E.-G., Perlman E.J., Copeland T.D., Ballermann B.J.; Expression of SET, an inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A, in renal development and Wilms' tumor.; J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 9:1873-1880(1998).  Seo S.-B., McNamara P., Heo S., Turner A., Lane W.S., Chakravarti D.; Regulation of histone acetylation and transcription by INHAT, a human cellular complex containing the Set oncoprotein.; Cell 104:119-130(2001).  Minakuchi M., Kakazu N., Gorrin-Rivas M.J., Abe T., Copeland T.D., Ueda K., Adachi Y.; Identification and characterization of SEB, a novel protein that binds to the acute undifferentiated leukemia-associated protein SET.; Eur. J. Biochem. 268:1340-1351(2001).  Fan Z., Beresford P.J., Zhang D., Lieberman J.; HMG2 interacts with the nucleosome assembly protein SET and is a target of the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte protease granzyme A.; Mol. Cell. Biol. 22:2810-2820(2002).  Fan Z., Beresford P.J., Oh D.Y., Zhang D., Lieberman J.; Tumor suppressor NM23-H1 is a granzyme A-activated DNase during CTL-mediated apoptosis, and the nucleosome assembly protein SET is its inhibitor.; Cell 112:659-672(2003).  Fan Z., Beresford P.J., Oh D.Y., Zhang D., Lieberman J.; Cell 115:241-241(2003).  Olsen J.V., Blagoev B., Gnad F., Macek B., Kumar C., Mortensen P., Mann M.; Global, in vivo, and site-specific phosphorylation dynamics in signaling networks.; Cell 127:635-648(2006).  Sprung R., Chen Y., Xu Y., Ball H., Pei J., Cheng T., Kho Y., Xiao H., Xiao L., Grishin N.V., White M., Yang X.-J., Zhao Y.; Substrate and functional diversity of lysine acetylation revealed by a proteomics survey.; Mol. Cell 23:607-618(2006).  Molina H., Horn D.M., Tang N., Mathivanan S., Pandey A.; Global proteomic profiling of phosphopeptides using electron transfer dissociation tandem mass spectrometry.; Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104:2199-2204(2007).
Database Name: UniProt
Accession Number: Q01105 (Human)
Species Accession: Human
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