Exalpha Biologicals, Inc.

Product Highlight

FIX&PERM Cell Fixation and Permeabilization Kit

Flow cytometric analyses with monoclonal antibodies were so far mainly restricted to cell surface molecules. Intracellular structures such as cytoplasmic or nuclear enzymes, oncoproteins, cytokines, immunoglobulins etc. were largely excluded from such studies. Also excluded from flow cytometric studies were cytoplasmic localizations of well-established membrane molecules like CD3 and CD22, which, in their cytoplasmic form, are the most reliable lineage markers in undifferentiated leukemia. With the FIX&PERM® Kit flow cytometric analysis of intracellular antigens has become as easy as surface antigen studies. The only prerequisite is the availability of suitable antibody conjugates. Most of the available monoclonal antibody conjugates can be used with the FIX&PERM® Kit, some determinants are sensitive, however, to the fixation step involved. This and the optimal fixation time have to be tested for each reagent.

News

Welcome, Peter Rutten

We are pleased to announce that Peter Rutten has now started in his role as Operations Director here at Exalpha Biologicals Inc. Peter has a Master’s of Science degree in Industrial and Organizational Psychology and this has lead him down a very business orientated career path. Peter is looking forward to working with the team at Exalpha. Peters primary focus is the customer experience and he will be working with the Laboratory team, the Quality Control team and the Order Processing team to ensure this focus is achieved. We all wish Peter well in his new role.

Exalpha Biologicals, Inc.

5T4 Oncofetal Trophoblast glycoprotein

  • Product Code: X2738P
  • Size: 100 µg
  • Availability: In Stock In Stock
  • Price (USD): $355

Cat #

X2738P		 Quantity:      

Data Sheet

Product Name

5T4 Oncofetal Trophoblast glycoprotein

Synonyms

Trophoblast glycoprotein, TPBG, 5T4 oncofetal antigen, 5T4 oncotrophoblast glycoprotein, 5T4 oncofetal trophoblast glycoprotein, M6P1

Host/Source

Rabbit

Isotype

Ig

Product Type

Antigen Immunoaffinity Purified Polyclonal

Reactivity

Human

Applications

Immunohistochemistry, Western Blot, ELISA

Purification

Antigen Immunoaffinity Purification

Size

100 µg

Price (USD)

$355

Background

5T4 is a N-glycosylated transmembrane 72 kDa (420 AA) glycoprotein containing seven leucine-rich repeat regions. 5T4 is often referred to as an oncofetal antigen due to its expression in fetal trophoblast where it was first discovered or trophoblast glycoprotein (TPBG). 5T4 oncofetal antigen is defined by a monoclonal antibody originally raised against human placental trophoblast and which recognizes a 72 kD glycoprotein expressed in a variety of different carcinomas but detected only at very low levels in normal epithelia. Patterns of expression of 5T4 oncofetal antigen in colorectal carcinomas indicate a significant association with tumor metastasis. By IHC, 71% of the carcinomas demonstrate positive 5T4 immunoreactivity in adenocarcinoma cells and/or associated stromal tissue.5T4 is found in tumors including the colorectal, ovarian, and gastric. Its expression is used as a prognostic aid in these cases. 5T4 is widespread in malignant tumors throughout the various stages of their development. In assessing the 5T4 phenotype it has been determined that there is a significant correlation between 5T4 expression and advanced stage of disease (FIGO stages III and IV) (P < 0.001) and with poorly differentiated tumors (P = 0.036) compared to well or moderately differentiated tumors. Patients with tumors expressing 5T4 were are likely to respond well to adjuvant therapy and have a significantly worse outlook in terms of survival and disease-free interval.

Immunogen

Synthetic peptide derived from human 5T4 oncofetal antigen protein

Positive Control

Ovarian Cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer.

Formulation

Provided as solution in phosphate buffered saline with 0.08% sodium azide

Customer Storage

Product should be stored at -20°C. Aliquot to avoid freeze/thaw cycles

Database Links:

SwissProtQ13641Human

References

1. Yoshihara, S., et al. '5T4 glycoprotein regulates the sensory input-dependent development of a specific subtype of newborn interneurons in the mouse olfactory bulb.' J. Neurosci. 2012, 32, 2217-2226.

2. Southgate, T.D., et al. 'CXCR4 mediated chemotaxis is regulated by 5T4 oncofetal glycoprotein in mouse embryonic cells.' PLoS One 2010, 5, e9982.

3. Shingler, W.H., et al. 'Identification and functional validation of MHC class I epitopes in the tumor-associated antigen 5T4.' Int. Immunol. 2008, 20, 1057-1066.