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Rabbit anti Human 5T4 Oncofetal Trophoblast glycoprotein


Catalogue number: X2738P

Synonyms
Trophoblast glycoprotein, TPBG, 5T4 oncofetal antigen, 5T4 oncotrophoblast glycoprotein, 5T4 oncofetal trophoblast glycoprotein, M6P1

IsotypeIg
Product Type Antigen Immunoaffinity Purified Polyclonal
Units100 µg
HostRabbit
Species reactivity Human
Application ELISA
Immunohistochemistry
Western Blot
Product Form
Affinity Purified

Background
5T4 is a N-glycosylated transmembrane 72 kDa (420 AA) glycoprotein containing seven leucine-rich repeat regions. 5T4 is often referred to as an oncofetal antigen due to its expression in fetal trophoblast where it was first discovered or trophoblast glycoprotein (TPBG). 5T4 oncofetal antigen is defined by a monoclonal antibody originally raised against human placental trophoblast and which recognizes a 72 kD glycoprotein expressed in a variety of different carcinomas but detected only at very low levels in normal epithelia. Patterns of expression of 5T4 oncofetal antigen in colorectal carcinomas indicate a significant association with tumor metastasis. By IHC, 71% of the carcinomas demonstrate positive 5T4 immunoreactivity in adenocarcinoma cells and/or associated stromal tissue.5T4 is found in tumors including the colorectal, ovarian, and gastric. Its expression is used as a prognostic aid in these cases. 5T4 is widespread in malignant tumors throughout the various stages of their development. In assessing the 5T4 phenotype it has been determined that there is a significant correlation between 5T4 expression and advanced stage of disease (FIGO stages III and IV) (P < 0.001) and with poorly differentiated tumors (P = 0.036) compared to well or moderately differentiated tumors. Patients with tumors expressing 5T4 were are likely to respond well to adjuvant therapy and have a significantly worse outlook in terms of survival and disease-free interval.

Positive Control
Ovarian Cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer.

Immunogen
Synthetic peptide derived from human 5T4 oncofetal antigen protein

Purification Method
Antigen Immunoaffinity Purification

Concentration
See vial for concentration

Formulation
Provided as solution in phosphate buffered saline with 0.08% sodium azide

Functional Analysis
Immunohistochemistry

Applications
This antibody can be used for immunohistochemistry on formalin/paraffin sections (5-10 µg/ml). Optimal concentration should be evaluated by serial dilutions.

Storage
Product should be stored at -20ºC. Aliquot to avoid freeze/thaw cycles

Ship Conditions
Ship at ambient temperature, freeze upon arrival

Product Stability
Products are stable for one year from purchase when stored properly

References
1. Yoshihara, S., et al. '5T4 glycoprotein regulates the sensory input-dependent development of a specific subtype of newborn interneurons in the mouse olfactory bulb.' J. Neurosci. 2012, 32, 2217-2226. 2. Southgate, T.D., et al. 'CXCR4 mediated chemotaxis is regulated by 5T4 oncofetal glycoprotein in mouse embryonic cells.' PLoS One 2010, 5, e9982. 3. Shingler, W.H., et al. 'Identification and functional validation of MHC class I epitopes in the tumor-associated antigen 5T4.' Int. Immunol. 2008, 20, 1057-1066.

Caution
This product is intended FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY, and FOR TESTS IN VITRO, not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures involving humans or animals.

Safety Datasheet(s) for this product:

Sodium Azide
/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Antibody-SDS-with-Sodium-AzideV2.pdf

Rabbit anti Human 5T4 Oncofetal Trophoblast glycoprotein

$249.00